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短期正念减压球对手术患者紧张情绪的影响
袁金玲,王素婵,边祥博
0
天津市中西医结合医院/ 天津市南开医院手术室天津 300100
摘要:
目的:探讨短期正念减压球的使用对手术患者紧张情绪的影响。方法:选择 2018年 12月— 2019年 2月我院收治的择期行腹腔镜下胆囊切除术胆管探查术的患者 100例,随机分观察组和对照组,每组 50例。对照组患者运用常规护理,观察组患者给予短期正念减压球的使用辅助正念减压法进行护理。比较两组患者手术前后的血压、心率及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表 (PSQI)评分。结果:术前 1 d及初入等候区时,两组患者血压及心率差异均无统计学意义 (P>0.05)。初入手术间、术后 1 d时,观察组的收缩压和心率均显著低于对照组,其中初入手术间后观察组舒张压显著低于对照组,差异有统计学意义 (P<0.05)。干预后,观察组的匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表评分明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义 (P<0.05)。结论:短期正念减压球的使用能够有效改善手术患者紧张焦虑的情绪状态,也可提高睡眠质量。
关键词:  正念减压疗法  减压球  手术患者  紧张焦虑
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1007-6948.2021.02.028
投稿时间:2020-04-25
基金项目:
The Effect of Short-term Mindfulness Decompression Ball on the Nervous Mood of Patients Undergoing Surgery
YUAN Jin-ling,WANG Su-chan,BIAN Xiang-bo
Department of Surgery, Nankai Hospital, Tianjin 300100, China
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the effect of short-term mindfulness decompression ball on the nervous state of patients undergoing surgery. Methods From the surgical patients in our hospital, 100 patients were selected as the research objects and randomly divided into the observation group and the control group, with 50 patients in each group. The patients in the control group were given routine nursing, and the patients in the observation group were given short-term mindfulness-based decompression ball for nursing. The improvement of nervous mood between the two groups were compared. Results The Pittsburgh sleep quality index scale score in the observation group after the intervention was signi?cantly lower than that of the control group. It effectively improved the patients’ blood pressure, heart rate instability. At surgery, the systolic blood pressure and heart rate value of the observation group in the postoperative day were signi?cantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), which the diastolic blood pressure after entering the operation of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). The results showed that both of them were signi?cantly different (P<0.05). Conclusion Through the use of short-term mindfulness decompression ball, it can effectively improve the nervous and anxious emotional state of patients undergoing surgery, and can also improve the quality of sleep.
Key words:  Mindfulness stress reduction therapy  vacuum ball  surgery patients  anxious

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